Surveys and Stakeholder Mapping

Informal cross-border trade is a notoriously difficult space to map. However, Sauti’s mobile technology approaches allow us to implement survey mapping with unprecedented reach and scale. Additionally, our penetration in cross-border trade networks provides a powerful asset with which to implement USSD and SMS surveys and rapidly process results.

With these methods we have contributed significant data-driven insights to academic and policy-oriented audiences.

Our methodology implements:

  1. Mobile-data collection on the capabilities and challenges of cross-border traders;
  2. Interviews and workshops to provide first-hand accounts of cross-border traders’ challenges experiences and perspectives;
  3. Interdisciplinary insights from expert practitioners working in the EAC to ground insights in practical contexts.
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Enhancing Informal Cross-Border Trade Data

Sauti’s Informal Cross-border Trade Database offers an expansive array of data points on key demographic, trade, and information demand attributes gathered from over 1700 cross-border traders at Busia and Malaba on the Kenya/Ugandan border.

Resources

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Monthly Border Reports

Sauti compiles the incident reports submitted to the platform each month and presents the data in monthly infographics. These reports are examples that identify the percentage of positive and negative reports made to the platform; reports by agencies; and type of incident in an effort to highlight the issues faced by cross-border traders.

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Customer Discovery Report: Understanding how to harness mobile technology to address the challenges of cross-border trade in East Africa

This Customer Discovery Report offers initial perspectives on the development of an SMS and USSD platform developed by Sauti Africa for use by any cross-border trader with a simple feature phone. By innovating a series of automated text-based interactions, Sauti has the potential to leverage the ubiquity of mobile phones in the EAC to enhance the delivery of trade information available to cross-border SMEs. The platform will enable small-scale traders to conveniently access trade and market information relating to clearing procedures, documentation, and taxes applicable to their products, cross-border commodity prices and exchange rates. Traders will also be able to use the platform to anonymously report incidents of bribery and harassment at borders.

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Impacts of Non-Tariff Barriers for Women Small Scale Cross-Border Traders on the Kenya-Uganda Border

For women, small-scale cross-border trade has played an empowering role in the alleviation of poverty in East Africa. However, women crossborder traders face distinct constraints and challenges when trading across East Africa’s borders. Information asymmetry between crossborder traders and border officials regarding procedural information and duties creates an economic environment of risk and uncertainty. Bribery and corruption is exacerbated among women traders by gender-based harassment and threats to personal safety. Focus group discussions and surveys at the Busia and Malaba border crossings suggest that the time, effort, and resources spent by women cross-border traders to balance non-tariff barriers exacts a significant business cost and adversely affects their economic behaviour in the East African cross-border regime.